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Swarthmore College Peace Collection Visual Recordings
Nov 19, 2021 San Jose Branch of Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF), Kim Kinoshita, Joan Bazar, La Oferta, Samia Shoman, Wendy Malepeai
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Photo display of activities from the San Jose Branch of Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF) during the years of 2005 and 2006. Includes photos from the Holiday Peace Fair and multiple demonstrations on immigrantion, universal healthcare, and U.S. policy in the Middle East. Additional photos show Jane Midgley, the author of “Women’s Budget,” and Grandparents Day at Santana Row about the 9/11 terrorist attack. The background music is “Halliburton” and “Building...
Topics: Protest songs, Peace activists, Social change, Women and peace, Military spending, Universal...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Visual Recordings
Nov 19, 2021 Raise Hell for Molly Ivins Campaign to End The War in Iraq
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Robert Manning talks about the "Raise Hell for Molly Ivins Campaign to End The War in Iraq." He presents statistics on casualties and the financing of the War in Iraq. Highlights are shown from one of the campaign’s events with multiple speakers from different backgrounds talking about the war in Iraq. Speakers include a veteran, a nun, a gold star mother, and others. As the event comes to a close, Manning calls for action from the viewers to end the War in Iraq by contacting...
Topics: Iraq War, Antiwar movements, Molly Ivins, Women and peace, Political films, Robert Manning, Diana...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Visual Recordings
Nov 19, 2021 Mairead Maguire
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Mairead Maguire, a Nobel Peace Prize Laureate, sends a greeting to a group of members and supporters of the Nonviolent Peaceforce. She briefly explains how organizations like the Nonviolent Peaceforce are essential in forming a dialogue to resolve a conflict. Closed Captioning is available in the video controls.
Topics: Peace activists, Nonviolence, Pacifists, Peace movements, Women and peace, Addresses, Nonviolent...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Visual Recordings
Nov 18, 2021 Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF)
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Members of the Uniting for Racial Justice (UFORJE) campaign address the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF) during their National Congress on June 26-30, 2002 at Goddard College in Vermont. The video opens at the end of Gwendolyn Braxton speaking, followed by a series of updates on the UFORJE campaign from Barbara Laval, Sha'an Mouliert, Lettie Polite, and Evelyn Spears. These representatives touch on the connections between UFORJE and other WILPF campaigns, a UFORJE trip...
Topics: African Americans reparations, Women and peace, Peace movements, Social justice, Racism, Social...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Visual Recordings
Nov 18, 2021 Lynda Fleet, Jeanne Greene, Janet Scagnelli, Pat Tashjian
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Marii Hasegawa’s 50-year commitment to peace and justice. She speaks on film and her voice continues to play over a selection of still images. She talks of being president of the Women's League of Peace and Freedom (WILPF) during the last years of the Vietnam War. The film includes footage of Hasegawa reminiscing and her speech accepting the Niwano Peace Prize in 1996. There are still images of the Vietnam War, protests against the war, Hasegawa's personal life, and her work with WILPF. ...
Topics: Vietnam War 1961-1975, Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF), Niwano Peace...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Visual Recordings
Nov 18, 2021 Women's Video Collective
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This July, 1983 interview of Barbara Deming takes place shortly after Deming had served a five day stay in a makeshift jail. Deming describes the march that got her and her group into jail, including their experiences with the townspeople verbally abusing them and their experience with the police. She describes why they did not simply go away when verbally abused and spoke about the psychological reasoning for why the townspeople spoke the way they did. She then describes the group's time at...
Topics: Feminism, Sexism, Social change, Nonviolence, Women and peace, Peace activists, Interviews, Barbara...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Sound Recordings
Nov 12, 2021 Pacifica Radio
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SIDE A:  Radio program Democracy Now!, reporting from Baltimore, Maryland at St. Claver Catholic Church, December 9, 2002 at the funeral of anti-war and anti-nuclear activist Philip Berrigan, the brother of Catholic priest and activist Daniel Berrigan. The first part of the program consists of clips of past interviews with Berrigan chronicling his activism. Program host Amy Goodman reporting from St. Claver Church interviews Berrigan's friends and associates: Tom Lewis, Kathleen Boylan, Elmer...
Topics: Philip Berrigan, Ploughshares Eight (Group), Anti-nuclear movements, Peace movements, Nonviolence,...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Sound Recordings
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Eight audio cassette tapes from the International Working Conference on the Arms Trade (Oct 30-Nov 2, 1991), held at the Riverside Church, New York City. The SANE/Freeze International Fund co-sponsored the event with the International Peace Bureau of Geneva and the European Network Against the Arms Trade. Cora Weiss hosts the conference, makes announcements, and introduces speakers. Tape 1 of 8: SIDE A: Speakers include: Igor Chorvev, organizer of the upcoming arms trade conference in...
Topics: Arms control, Nuclear disarmament, Antinuclear Congresses, Antinuclear movements, Women and Peace,...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Sound Recordings
Oct 5, 2021 Riverside Radio WRVR
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Cora Weiss Comments radio program from August 3, 1975.  The topic is nuclear bombs, specifically those dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, which occurred 30 years prior. Weiss interviews Dr. Tomin Harada, who has come to New York from Hiroshima, Japan. He lost significant family due to the bombings, including his brother, sister, and wife. He first came to the United States in 1955, bringing “Hiroshima maidens” with him for treatment. Also in the studio is Rod Wallace, a graduate student of...
Topics: Hiroshima, Nagasaki, Nuclear war, Nuclear disarmament, Japan, Survivors of nuclear activity,...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Visual Recordings
Oct 4, 2021 Physicians for Social Responsibility
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October 1989, the 29th Charles L. Brown Memorial Lecture with guest speaker Dr. Christine Cassel. Dr. Cassel is introduced as the current President of the Physicians for Social Responsibility and working with the University of Chicago medical school. Following the introduction, Dr. Cassel discusses her views on physicians’ roles in the nuclear arms race. She then uses a slide show to describe different stats and issues that relate to nuclear war and public health and ends the speech calling...
Topics: Medicine and nuclear war, Antinuclear movements, Nuclear Disarmament, Nuclear Arms race, Physician...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Sound Recordings
Oct 4, 2021 SANE Views the World
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Sane Views the World public radio program from June 9, 1975.  Host Steve Schick interviews Ethel Taylor, National Coordinator for Women Strike for Peace, and Sandy Kravitz, Executive Board member for Women Strike for Peace. The women discuss the history of Women’s Strike for Peace, nuclear disarmament, attitudes in Congress, and they emphasize the importance of female involvement when fighting nuclear activity. First however, a brief discussion on taxes and the military budget is given. The...
Topics: Women Strike for Peace, Nuclear disarmament, Nuclear activity, Nuclear war, Nuclear bombs, Nuclear...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Sound Recordings
Oct 4, 2021 Barbara Reynolds
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TRACK A: Barbara Reynolds reports on A Quaker Action Project from Hiroshima. She begins by discussing Quaker values and what it means to be a Friend and a member of this project. She talks about the Phoenix of Hiroshima, a yacht designed by her ex-husband Earle Reynolds, and a brief history of its voyage that began in 1954. The early hopes of the voyage and its members were to circumnavigate the globe with no crew changes, but Reynolds explains that the unity was not there to make that...
Topics: Phoenix of Hiroshima, Hiroshima, Earle Reynolds, Quakerism, Peace movements, Peace activists,...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Sound Recordings
Oct 4, 2021 SANE Education Fund of Pennsylvania
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Installment of the radio program Consider the Alternatives (#839), titled “Women on War,” narrated by Beth Park and produced by the SANE Education Fund. The program focuses on the book “Women on War: Essential Voices for the Nuclear Age” compiled and edited by poet Daniela Gioseffi, published in 1988. Gioseffi discusses how the work developed and the various aspects of war she wanted to represent. The program includes readings of passages from the book.
Topics: Woman and peace, Women and war, Peace movements, Nuclear weapons, Nuclear technology, Public...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Sound Recordings
Oct 4, 2021 Promoting Enduring Peace
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Radio interview with Randy Kehler and Randall Forsberg, leadership members for the Nuclear Freeze Campaign and Richard Sellers, coordinator of the National Coalition for Peace Through Strength. Two unidentified male hosts conduct the interview. Kehler and Forsberg answer questions about and criticism of the Freeze Campaign. Sellers, representing a counter perspective to achieving peace, critiques and points out the weaknesses of the Freeze Campaign. Both organizations and their members...
Topics: Nuclear Weapons Freeze Campaign, Antinuclear movements, Nuclear disarmament, Women and peace, Radio...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Sound Recordings
Apr 30, 2021 Cora Weiss
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Cora Weiss Comments radio program episode from June 7, 1982 on women peacemakers in relation to the United Nations’ second special session on disarmament, and the marches happening in New York City as a result. Weiss interviews Olga Sukavic, Director of the International Law Department at the Institute of International Politics and Economics in Belgrade, Yugoslavia. She is now working with non-governmental organizations; Mercy Edgedale from London, with the World Disarmament Campaign; Maggie...
Topics: Women and peace, Peace movements, World Peace March, Nuclear war, Nuclear disarmament, Nonviolence,...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Sound Recordings
Apr 23, 2021 Jessie Binford
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Radio broadcast honoring humanitarian Jane Addams on her 100th birthday, presented by the Division of Radio and Television of the Chicago Public Schools. The broadcast features an address by Jessie Binford, a resident of Hull-House who worked with Addams for over 30 years. Binford provides a first-hand account of Addams’ work at Hull-House, her character, and beliefs, and affirms her influence around the world. Binford discusses Addams’ inspiration for and vision in establishing Hull-House...
Topics: Jane Addams, Hull-House (Chicago), Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF),...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Sound Recordings
Apr 23, 2021 Maud Stockwell
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Address by Maud Stockwell titled “Reminiscences of Jane Addams and Early Experiences in the Women’s International League." Stockwell, first President of the Minnesota Branch of the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF), discusses Addams’ commitment to settlement and peace activism, as evidenced through her work with WILPF and Hull-House. Stockwell fondly recalls visiting Hull-House in 1923 and experiencing Addams’ genuine humanity. She recounts Addams’...
Topics: Jane Addams, Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF), Women and peace, Pacifism,...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Sound Recordings
Apr 23, 2021 Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF)
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Public service announcements promoting the 1988 Peace & Freedom Awards presented by the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF), to be held October 19, 1988 at Memorial Hall, Fairmount Park. Temple University professor and poet Sonia Sanchez will be honored, as will musician Holly Near. The first two announcements are the same. The other promotional clip features Sonia Sanchez announcing the awards.
Topics: Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF), Public service advertisement, Women and...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Sound Recordings
Apr 23, 2021 Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF)
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Two segments from the 1976 Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF) International Executive Committee meeting in Switzerland. The first segment is a reading of a report written by the WILPF Coordinator for Latin American, Ana de Araya, documenting her activities around the region including efforts to establish a future branch of WILPF in Mexico; proposed dates for an upcoming regional conference in Cuernavaca during 1977; an account of her visits to Colombia, Argentina, and...
Topics: Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF), Women's Social conditions Latin...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Sound Recordings
Apr 23, 2021 Hague Appeal for Peace
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SIDE A: Panel discussion, Military Threat to Security: Women and Military Violence, from the Hague Appeal for Peace Conference, May 14, 1999, The Hague, Netherlands. The panel discussion, moderated by professor and activist Margo Okazawa-Rey, examines the United States' long-term military presence in Southeast Asian countries such as South Korea, Japan, and the Philippines, as well as the extensive violence its personnel has perpetrated against women and children. Speakers such as Suzuyo...
Topics: Women’s Congresses, Women and the military, Violence against Southeast Asian women, Southeast...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Sound Recordings
Apr 23, 2021 Hague Appeal for Peace
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SIDE A: Conferences session, A Culture of Peace Through Women’s Human Rights, from the Hague Appeal for Peace Conference, May 13, 1999, The Hague, Netherlands. Moderator Charlotte Bunch, from the Center for Women’s Global Leadership, focuses on women’s human rights and its relationship to peace and the culture of peace, two concepts that Bunch observed were not sufficiently included in the conference program. Panelists include Bunch; Marieme Helie-Lucas, founder of Women Living Under...
Topics: Peace Congresses, Hague Appeal for Peace, Peace movements, Women’s Congresses, Nonviolence, Women...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Sound Recordings
Apr 23, 2021 Hague Appeal for Peace
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SIDE A: Panel discussion, If Women Ran the World, from the Hague Appeal for Peace Conference, May 13, 1999, The Hague, Netherlands. Parliamentarians for Global Actions (PGA) and Women’s Environment & Development Organization (WEDO) sponsored the session. Swedish parliament members Dr. Maj Britt Theorin, and Diane Dillon-Ridgley facilitate the session. Both pay homage to Bella Abzug, who envisioned the panel discussion. The purpose of the session is for panelists with parliamentary and...
Topics: Women and peace, Women's Congresses, Feminism, Conferences and proceedings, Karin Maj Britt...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Sound Recordings
Apr 23, 2021 Hague Appeal for Peace
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SIDE A: Conference session, RWC: Building Women’s Leadership for Peace, from the Hague Appeal for Peace Conference, May 13, 1999, The Hague, Netherlands. This session focuses on developing and increasing women’s leadership roles in peacemaking. Olara Ottunu, Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict, is the session moderator. He gives a short address on how women and their participation are essential to establishing peace. Ottunu introduces panelists...
Topics: Peace Congresses, Women and peace, Hague Appeal for Peace, Peace movements, Women Social conditions...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Sound Recordings
Apr 23, 2021 Hague Appeal for Peace
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SIDE A: The Hague Appeal for Peace Conference, Netherlands Congress Centre, The Hague (Netherlands), May 11-15, 1999.  Workshop, “Women and Conversion,” from May 12, 1999. This workshop was originally planned to discuss women and conversion in relation to nuclear arms, but the moderators decided to focus on the conflict in Yugoslavia and what women can do about it. One of the moderators, Ellen Dietrich, an activist from Yugoslavia, explains why there is a shift in topic and gives a...
Topics: Peace Congresses, Women and peace, Hague Appeal for Peace, Women and war, Women Social conditions...
Audio script, written and narrated by Joan E. Biren, accompanying a slide show about the Seneca Women's Encampment for a Future of Peace and Justice.  The encampment was a women-only camp, held in the summer of 1983 from July 4 through Labor Day, in Romulus, New York. It was established to protest against the area's nuclear arms activities and the deployment of Cruise and Pershing II missiles to Europe from the Seneca Army Depot scheduled for the autumn of 1983. The narrative documents various...
Topics: Women and peace, Peace movements, New York (State) Seneca County, Peace Societies, Women's...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Sound Recordings
Apr 23, 2021 Helen Caldicott
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Side A: Dr. Helen Caldicott speaking at the City Club in Portland, Oregon on Friday, May 11, 1984. Caldicott talks about her book, “Missile Envy,” as well as the logistics, impacts, and interactions surrounding the nuclear arms race. She cites Carl Sagan’s study about the global threshold for global extinction in terms of bomb quantity, while referring to the arsenals that the United States and the Soviet Union hold. Caldicott speaks on the possibility of accidental nuclear war due to...
Topics: Women and peace, Nuclear weapons, Arms race, Nuclear warfare, Antinuclear movements, Health effect...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Sound Recordings
Apr 23, 2021 Paul F. Walker
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Side A: Part of a recorded conversation, dated February 26, 1988, featuring nonproliferation and arms control expert, Paul Walker explaining the Peacemaker Rail Garrison program, a weapons transport system for storing MX and Midgetman missiles. The discussion is in reference to the United States Air Force's intention of storing Midgetman missiles at Malmstrom Air Force Base in Great Falls, Montana. On February 23, 1988, at the MX/Midgetman Missile road show in Helena Montana, Walker presents a...
Topics: MX (Weapons system), Midgetman Missile, Intercontinental ballistic missiles, Nuclear weapons,...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Sound Recordings
Apr 23, 2021 Dorothy H. Hutchinson
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SIDE A: Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF) member Marion Edman interviews civil rights activist and fellow WILPF member Dorothy Hutchinson, March 31, 1978 at Hutchinson's home in Kentucky. The interview with Hutchinson is for collecting member insight and history for the posterity of the organization. The conversation focuses on Hutchinson's history with and her contributions to WILPF, including her term as president of both the United States and International...
Topics: Dorothy H. Hutchinson, Women pacifists, Quaker women, Women and peace, Women's International League...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Sound Recordings
Apr 23, 2021 SANE Education Fund of Philadelphia
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Consider the Alternatives radio program episode titled “Hiroshima: the Decision to Make and Use the Bomb,” produced by the SANE Education Fund, hosted by executive producer Steve Shick, airing on September 12, 1980. Shick introduces the broadcast as number one of the series “Reap the Whirlwind,” which will examine the impact of the nuclear age on American social, ethical, and economic values. This installment about Hiroshima and the atomic bomb discusses the Truman administration's...
Topics: Nuclear warfare, Nuclear weapons, Nuclear arms control, Cold War, Atomic bomb, Hiroshima, Radio...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Visual Recordings
Apr 2, 2021 Women's International League for Peace (WILPF)
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The peace activist group, the Raging Grannies, enter a military recruitment office and try to enlist for the war in Iraq. They are at odds with the U.S.’s reliance on young people in the war and list their reasons for objection to war in Iraq. They want all U.S. corporations and military personnel withdrawn from Iraq and Afghanistan, and for the U.S. to finance and rebuild what they have destroyed. The American military bases in Iraq should be returned to the people of Iraq/Afghanistan. The...
Topics: Iraq War, Raging Grannies, Military draft, Women and peace, Peace movements, Anti-war movements,...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Sound Recordings
Apr 2, 2021 Jeff Jacoby
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Connecticut’s Living Sound Productions begins the tape with a statement from a Nebraska man attending a rally in New York Center aimed at the United Nations on June 12, 1982, to end the nuclear arms race and create a more humane ordering of global priorities. The tape then covers multiple short recordings of individuals giving speeches or interviews against nuclear weapons, from a broad range of states and countries, with a significant focus on British anti-nuclear movements. The tape...
Topics: Arms race, Antinuclear movements, Disarmament, Nonviolence, Nuclear weapons, Nuclear disarmament,...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Sound Recordings
Apr 2, 2021 WRVR Radio Station
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Radio interview of Moy de Tohá (Raquel Victoria Morales Etchevers) by Cora Weiss.  Moy de Tohá is the widow of Jose Tohá, the highest ranking official under Salvador Allende who was tortured to death under Augusto Pinochet’s command. Moy de Tohá was the executive secretary for the Secretariat of Women for three years under Allende. The interview covers the resistance in Chile; the changing role of women; human rights abuses and mass imprisonments of men, women and children; and U.S....
Topics: Feminism, Military spending, Socialism, Chile, Salvador Allende Gossens, Latin America, Women and...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Sound Recordings
Apr 2, 2021 Cora Weiss
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Cora Weiss Comments radio program episode. Weiss begins with an overview of a recent four-week trip with Don Luce and Sam Noumoff to visit the Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam (PRG) arranged in collaboration with the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRV). During their trip, the group studied Ho Chi Minh and the Vietnamese Revolution. In the DRV, there is a new focus on production; a lot has changed in Hanoi since the last visit (like the increased social...
Topics: Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam (PRG), Democratic Republic of...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Sound Recordings
Apr 2, 2021 Riverside Radio WRVR
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Cora Weiss introduces Shirley MacLaine, American actress, activist, and author. MacLaine begins by describing how she experienced China as an American woman. She says that China is a society that works for its members, that makes everyone want to be a better and more collectively inclined person; it taught her that “Nothing is more important than me.” Weiss talks about MacLaine’s most recent movie “The Other Half of the Sky: A China Memoir” (1975) that has provided many Americans an...
Topics: China, War, Democracy, Women and peace, Peace movements, Radio programs, Interviews, Cora Weiss,...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Sound Recordings
Apr 2, 2021 Muriel Buck Humphrey
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Anne Blair’s interview of Mrs. Hubert H. Humphrey, the wife of American Vice President Hubert Humphrey takes place on March 2, 1966. Mrs. Humphrey discusses her recent travels, including to South Korea, the Philippines, and Yugoslavia, and focuses on the women she met there, who are becoming more politically active. Anne Blair also asks her about her personal life: her relationship with her husband, keeping up appearances, and the fast-paced lifestyle of politics. The interview finishes with...
Topics: Anne Blair, Education, Women in politics, Interviews
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Sound Recordings
Apr 2, 2021 Women Strike for Peace
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An interview with Phyllis Schmidt, Mary Clarke, and E. Jackson of Women Strike for Peace, who travelled to Jakarta, Indonesia, to meet with women from North and South Vietnam to discuss the ongoing situation in South East Asia and the potential for peace. The women provide an overview of how the group was formed, how they communicated with the Vietnamese women, and the diverse backgrounds of both the American group and the North and South Vietnamese groups. They also discuss what the Vietnamese...
Topics: Peace movements, Peace process, Vietnam War 1961-1975, Indonesia, Vietnamese reunification,...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Sound Recordings
Mar 26, 2021 Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF)
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Ten radio spots from the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF) about peace and social justice. 1) Congress must implement tax reform that addresses the economic disparities across the United States. 2) There is a need for an increase of employment opportunities for women. 3) Workers are providing for their government but the government is not providing for its workers. 4) Women must be respected as committed professionals. 5) Minimum security must be guaranteed to...
Topics: Women's rights, Gender equality, Economic disparity, Employment disparity, Wage gap, Social...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Sound Recordings
Mar 26, 2021 Elizabeth Linn Allen
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On January 19, 1960, Jane Addams’ grand-niece Elizabeth Linn Allen, discusses her role on the board of education and how she is inspired by the work of her great-aunt. She introduces herself by saying she was appointed just 50 years after the appointment of Jane Addams, who found her time at Hull House to often be frustrating due to a lack of communication between groups. Comparatively, the speaker feels her time on the board has been happier, although she is still trying to solve some of the...
Topics: Jane Addams, Hull House, Social change, Education, Chicago School District, Education reform,...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Sound Recordings
Mar 26, 2021 Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF) Chicago Branch
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SIDE A: Jessie Herschel, president of the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF) Chicago branch, interviews European WILPF members, June 27, 1962, narrated by Louise Mohr. The women interviewed are delegates passing through Chicago while traveling to San Francisco for the international convention. Delegates consist of Ms. Isabelle Ponte of Paris, Mrs. Ruth Boberg-Suis of Norway, and Ms. Marie Moore of Norway. These women discuss the ongoing work in their respective...
Topics: Feminism, Nobel Peace Prize, Peace activists, Women and peace, Interview, Jessie Herschel, Isabelle...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Sound Recordings
Mar 26, 2021 Promoting Enduring Peace
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Following her speech at Yale University's Battell Chapel on April 5th, 1975, for the event “Uncloaking the C. I. A.,” Hortensia Bussi de Allende participates in a short press conference, alongside her translator. She begins with a prepared statement in which she separates U. S. citizens from the U. S. government, emphasizes the danger of Chile becoming less relevant in U. S. news, and discusses the great hunger and unemployment in Chile. She also criticizes the silence of mass media, the...
Topics: United States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), United States-Chile relations, Military spending,...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Sound Recordings
Mar 26, 2021 Promoting Enduring Peace
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Part I “Uncloaking the C. I. A.,” sponsored by the organization Promoting Enduring Peace at Yale University's Battell Chapel, April 5th, 1975. Speakers include Frank Donner, Willow-May Barrow, and Cecilia Merende. Donner begins by providing an overview of his experiences, which put into perspective how the U. S. began to internationalize clandestine efforts. The laws regarding clandestine activities, the budget of the C. I. A., and the effects of politics on the C. I. A. are all discussed...
Topics: United States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), Clandestine affairs, United States-Chile...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Sound Recordings
Mar 12, 2021 Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF)
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Eighteen radio spots from the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF) promoting peace and social justice. 1) Congress must act to protect American citizens in North Vietnam. 2) Congress must implement tax reform that addresses the economic disparities across the U.S. 3) There is a need for an increase of employment opportunities for women with college degrees. 4) Workers are providing for their government but the government is not providing for its workers. 5) Women must be...
Topics: Women's rights, Gender equality, Economic disparity, Employment disparity, Wage gap, Social...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Sound Recordings
Mar 12, 2021 John McConnell
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Marjorie Staples introduces John McConnell and talks about how his “Minute for Peace” came about. Minute for Peace has a goal of encouraging everyone around the world to take a minute to think about peace and to join together in thought. McConnell talks about the origin of Minute for Peace and what it has accomplished. The period of mourning following President Kennedy’s assassination was ended with a new dedication to peace through Minute for Peace. Secretary General Thant gave the first...
Topics: Women's World, United Nations, John McConnell, Minute for Peace, World peace, Interview, Marjorie...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Sound Recordings
Mar 12, 2021 John McConnell
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Musical introduction and voice over to Scope: the United Nations Radio Magazine. Scope invites listeners to explore the dimensions of international cooperation in reports of the U.N. and related agencies. This episode is about human settlements. Enrique Peñalosa, Secretary General of the United Nations Conference on Human Settlements (Vancouver, Canada; 31 May to 1 June, 1976), believes that no policy on human settlements will succeed if not rooted in a commitment to achieve basic standards of...
Topics: United Nations, Scope: the U. N. Radio Magazine, Human settlements, Urbanization, Ekistics, United...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Sound Recordings
Mar 12, 2021 Margaret Mead
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Margaret Mead has a public service announcement regarding Earth Day: “Earth Day is the first holy day that is going to be celebrated by the whole world. This is the first time we have a day suited to everyone. Earth Day represents a step toward a communal concern of the environment. There is too much stress on our waters and our air, largely due to cities who dump their waste in nearby waters and chemical substances the environment cannot tolerate. We are using up fossil fuels too fast; there...
Topics: Earth Day, International Earth Day, Fossil fuels, Public service radio programs, Margaret Mead
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Sound Recordings
Mar 12, 2021 Odetta Holmes
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Odetta Holmes gives an announcement on an upcoming Earth Day celebration. “This is Odetta. I’m here to tell you about the International Earth Day. It is a celebration of the earth and its people. This year, the celebration will last from March 19th to March 21st, the first day of spring. Come celebrate with other earth people at the South Street Seaport Museum. Come celebrate with other earth people the feeling of being earth-bound, the feeling of global well-being. Special earth events...
Topics: Earth Day, International Earth Day, Fossil fuels, Public service radio programs, Odetta Holmes
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Sound Recordings
Mar 12, 2021 Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF)
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The crowd is quieted as someone on stage introduces Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Secretary-General of the United Nations. Pérez begins by mentioning the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom’s (WILPF) mission of peace and freedom and promising to support that mission. He does not mean peace as only the absence of war, but rather the presence of development (especially for developing countries like his home country of Peru). To him, freedom means the absence of all types of...
Topics: Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF), Women and peace, Peace movements,...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Sound Recordings
Mar 12, 2021 United Nations Special Session on Disarmament (UNSSDII): June 12th Rally Committee
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Public service announcement begins with the song “I Will Follow,” by James Taylor: “Yonder mountain so high, I can't make it all on my own…” As the music continues to play, James Taylor begins speaking about the upcoming march in support of the Second United Nations Special Session on Disarmament (UNSSDII). “On June 12th, thousands of Americans and people from all over the world will march in support of the Second United Nations Special Session on Disarmament. We will call for an...
Topics: United Nations Special Session on Disarmament (UNSSDII), United Nations, Military spending, Nuclear...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Sound Recordings
Mar 12, 2021 Rennie Davis
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REEL 1: Rennie Davis, under sponsorship of SANE. He talks about how most anti-nuclear work is done locally and on military bases by soldiers; you don’t have to be right-wing and pro-war to support the soldiers and their work. Trips to Vietnam have been necessary to gather information for the American public. A caller discusses their fear that the Vietnamese are not ready to take over; Davis responds by saying that an overwhelming number of people in South Vietnam want Americans out, and that...
Topics: National Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy (SANE), Anti-nuclear movement United States, Vietnam...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Visual Recordings
Dec 18, 2020 Bea Milwe
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In 1982, Justine Merritt has an idea: tie a ribbon for peace around the Pentagon.  She creates a one-yard long fabric panel, and asks her friends to do the same.  She asks them to think of what would be lost if nuclear war broke out.  Her idea spreads, and by 1985 the fabric ribbon is 10 miles long and is made up of panels from all over the country.  This becomes the longest piece of folk art in the world.  Panels are made using quilting, embroidery, silk screening, batik, applique, and...
Topics: Women and peace, Nuclear disarmament, Nuclear weapons, Nuclear war, Antinuclear movement, Antiwar...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Visual Recordings
Dec 17, 2020 Bea Milwe
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Various religious leaders speak on their views about nuclear weapons and nuclear war.  Representatives from many Christian and Jewish denominations explain their teachings on war and what actions their congregations can take to decrease the chance of a future nuclear war.  They protest the national policies that spend billions of dollars annually for weapons.  They want to educate the public about military spending and the true costs of continued weapons buildup.  One preacher asks during...
Topics: Religion and peace, Nuclear weapons, Nuclear war, Nuclear freeze, Peace activists, Peace movements,...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Visual Recordings
Dec 17, 2020 Pineau Productions
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The Canadian peace activist group Voice of Women / La Voix des Femmes (VOW) was founded in 1960. This review of their history and accomplishments includes archival footage and interviews with members. When Canada worked with the United States to place U. S. nuclear weapons in Canadian Territories, Toronto Star columnist Lotta Dempsey asked Canadian women how they felt about it. This was the beginning of Voice of Women. Organizers gathered 400 women to go to Ottawa in protest. Women had rarely...
Topics: Women and peace, Antinuclear movement, Antiwar movement, Peace movements, Peace activists, Canada,...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Visual Recordings
Dec 16, 2020 Multimedia Program Productions - Syndication Services (Cinncinati Ohio)
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An episode of the Donahue show, seemingly recorded on a home VHS recorder.  The episode is already in progress when the recording begins.  A clip of President Ronald Reagan is playing.  Phil Donahue, the host, then introduces the topic of the show and the guests.  The format is a casual debate about  upcoming legislation on a nuclear weapons freeze.  The guests on the “pro-freeze” side are Randall Forsberg, Director of the Institute for Defense and Disarmament Studies, and Congressman...
Topics: Nuclear weapons freeze, Nuclear war, Nuclear arms race, United States-Soviet relations, Nuclear...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Visual Recordings
Dec 14, 2020 The Fund for the Feminist Majority
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Eleanor Smeal, former President of the National Organization for Women, spearheads the "Feminization of Power" campaign, with the goal of doubling the number of feminists running for state and Congressional offices. The group outlines the National Feminist Agenda, which supports: Equality; Reproductive Freedom; Peace and Disarmament; Civil Rights; Lesbian and Gay Rights; Economic Justice; Homemaker's Rights; the Elimination of Poverty; Rights of the Disabled; Human Services; the...
Topics: Women in politics, Feminism, Feminist activists, Women's Rights, Educational films, Documentary...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Visual Recordings
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Speakers at a conference on the medical consequences of nuclear weapons and nuclear war. The recording begins mid-sentence as Dr. Herbert Scoville, Jr. speaks. Scoville, as well as the next several speakers, cover topics such as the destructive force of currently available weapons, overkill, the environmental effects of using even 10% of those weapons, the falsehood of a ‘survivable’ nuclear exchange, 'launch on warning' systems, the United States' 'nuclearized' conventional forces, nuclear...
Topics: Nuclear war, Nuclear weapons, Medical effects of nuclear war, Environmental effects of nuclear war,...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Visual Recordings
Dec 14, 2020 The RadioActivist Campaign (Belfair, Washington)
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Three site-specific instances of radioactive waste polluting American waterways. Part One examines the Columbia River near the Hanford Nuclear Facility (the most contaminated place in North America). Effects of the contamination in the river include the feminization of fish. Chinook salmon have been changing from male to female. Both Strontium 90 and Radium 225 have been found in the river. The Hanford Facility has ostensibly been cleaned up, but independent testing is needed to determine how...
Topics: Radioactive pollution of water, Radioactive pollution of soils, Radioactive wastes, Water...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Visual Recordings
Dec 14, 2020 Cable Public Affairs Channel (CPAC, Ottowa)
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Canadian Public Affairs Channel (CPAC) coverage of U. S. General Lee Butler (Ret.) speaking to an unnamed panel and audience about his views on nuclear weapons. The recording begins mid-sentence as a woman introduces General Butler. Butler talks about his evolving views on nuclear weapons. He is concerned about the false narrative of nuclear weapons as a deterrent. He speaks of accidents that have occurred in the past and that are bound to happen in the future. During his time as commander of...
Topics: Nuclear weapons, Antinuclear movement, Nuclear arms race, Disarmament, Nuclear weapons accidents,...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Visual Recordings
Dec 10, 2020 Bob Kerrey
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Senator Bob Kerrey from Nebraska hosts this episode of Kerrey & Company from January 1999. In it, he addresses the topic of the current nuclear weapons policies of the United States. He briefly speaks to several panelists one at a time: General Lee Butler, USAF; Senator Richard Lugar; Bruce Blair of the Brookings Institute; and Melba Scott, a former Deputy Director for Civil Defense in Lincoln Lancaster County, NE, who witnessed a nuclear detonation test. Kerrey begins the program by saying...
Topics: Nuclear weapons, Nuclear war, Antinuclear movement, Nuclear proliferation, Nuclear threats, Public...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Visual Recordings
Dec 9, 2020 Nuclear Age Peace Foundation
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The Nuclear Age Peace Foundation presents their argument for nuclear disarmament. The following five points are examined in detail: Nuclear weapons are 1) Catastrophically dangerous, 2) Incompatible with global security, 3) Enormously costly, 4)Illegal under international law, and 5) Immoral. Topics covered include the unequal distribution of nuclear arms, modern terrorism threatening theft or misuse of nuclear weapons, the strength of modern weapons and the "overkill" capability, and...
Topics: Nuclear weapons, Nuclear war, Antinuclear movement, Nuclear proliferation, Military spending,...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Visual Recordings
Dec 9, 2020 Eqbal Ahmad Foundation
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Nuclear tensions between India and Pakistan build after the 1998 nuclear weapons testing by both countries. The video opens with footage of the United States nuclear testing and use of the atomic bomb at Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Then the buildup of nuclear weapons begins, with Russia working to keep up with America. In May of 1998 India performs five atomic tests. Five days later, Pakistan tests their nuclear bomb. As a narrator dictates this timeline, commentators talk about the known and...
Topics: India, Pakistan, Nuclear weapons, Arms race, Antinuclear movement, Peace movement, Military...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Visual Recordings
Dec 9, 2020 Bob Saar
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Native Americans from a  multitude of tribes speak about the United States government’s efforts to store radioactive nuclear waste on their lands.  The health and environmental threats are discussed, as is the history of the government’s treatment of Native peoples.  Some interviews take place with attendees at the McDermitt Community Meeting on “Monitored Retrievable Storage.”  Others were recorded at the National Congress of American Indians in Denver, Colorado.  Among the tribes...
Topics: Nuclear waste, Radioactive waste disposal, Native American land, Indigenous land, Environmental...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Visual Recordings
Dec 9, 2020 Mary Zepernick
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Mary Zepernick speaks about her four-year term as President of the U. S. Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF) from 1989-1993. She highlights accomplishments such as representing US WILPF at the 1990 5th Congress of the Cuban Women's Federation, as well as creating workshops on internal sexism. She also acknowledges areas where she wishes she could have been more effective, like when receiving calls about the war in Bosnia.
Topics: Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF), Mary Zepernick, Women and peace, Peace...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Visual Recordings
Dec 9, 2020 Marybeth Webster, Peaceworks
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Women speak about their work for peace. Marybeth Webster travelled 42,000 miles through 37 states making these recordings and gathering information about so-called 'ordinary' women and their activism. Audio of the women speaking plays over still images of them and their activities. Their affiliations and peace activities vary, and each woman speaks to why she has decided to pursue peace in the world.
Topics: Women and peace, Antiwar movement, Antinuclear movement, Peace movement, Peace activists,...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Visual Recordings
Dec 9, 2020 Back from the Brink
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In 1995, the United States and Russia had a near-miss nuclear missile accident. Experts examine the technology and infrastructure upon which nuclear arsenals rely. Speakers include Amy Lesser from the Center for Environmental Citizenship; Dr. Bruce Blair, a retired U. S. Air Force Missile Control Officer; Admiral Stansfield Turner, who was the Director of the CIA from 1977-1981; Dr. Arjun Makhijani from the Institute for Energy and Environmental Research, and others. They talk of previous...
Topics: Antinuclear movement, Nuclear weapons, Nuclear weapons accidents, Nuclear infrastructure,...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Visual Recordings
Dec 9, 2020 Los Alamos Study Group
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This film is presented by the Los Alamos Study Group, an activist group in New Mexico that provides education and leadership on the topic of nuclear disarmament and related issues.  The film begins with a description of what the viewer is about to see: selections from a “Security Immersion Presentation” given to employees of the Los Alamos National Laboratory on June 21, 1999.  The speaker is Dr. Steven Younger, Associate Laboratory Director for Nuclear Weapons.  The film’s...
Topics: Nuclear weapons, Militarization, Antinuclear movement, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Documentary...
Rough footage from an in-progress work. The International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear Warfare (IPPNW) Conference in Moscow in 1987. The video opens with footage of the conference location, attendees, and healthcare workers. In a lecture room, physicians sit in the audience as an American man speaks about mutual interests within the international physician community; he is translated into Russian. In another meeting room, a woman gives a presentation about a medical study on a...
Topics: Antinuclear movements, Arms race, Cold War, International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Visual Recordings
Dec 8, 2020 Liane Brandon, New Day Films
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Ordinary people from all walks of life tell how they are helping to prevent nuclear war. Interviewed are a housewife, a minister, a welder, a high school student, a physicist, and others. They each speak about their antinuclear activities. A woman explains how she has one-on-one conversations with friends, family, and even strangers about the concern over nuclear weapons. A physicist who worked on the Manhattan Project writes articles and gives lectures advocating for nuclear arms reduction and...
Topics: Nuclear war, Nuclear weapons, Nuclear arms, Nuclear freeze, Nuclear ban, Antinuclear movement,...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Visual Recordings
Dec 8, 2020 Monique Frugier
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Amateur footage of the Granny Peace Brigade of Philadelphia protest on April 15th, 2008, at the corner of Broad and Sansom Streets in Center City, Philadelphia. The women are shown singing a satirical song about the cost of the war, talking to passers-by, and asking people to sign a petition. They talk about not only the amount of spending on the war, but on military spending in general. They believe that money should be spent on education and healthcare - not war. Closed Captioning is...
Topics: Women and peace, Antiwar movement, Iraq war 2003-2011, Antiwar demonstrations, Amateur films,...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Visual Recordings
Dec 8, 2020 Granny Peace Brigade Philadelphia
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Amateur footage of the Granny Peace Brigade Philadelphia protest on March 19, 2008, at Philadelphia City Hall. Paper "clothes" are hung on a clothesline with slogans written on them: Stop the War, Build Democracy at Home, Restore Civil Liberties, etc. The display is "airing the dirty laundry of the war." The footage is mostly crowd scenes with people holding signs and banners. There is a man playing guitar and singing "Dirty Laundry." A woman explains why she is a...
Topics: Women and peace, Antiwar movement, Iraq war 2003-2011, Antiwar demonstrations, Amateur films,...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Visual Recordings
Nov 23, 2020 Robert Greenwald Production
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Highlights of the protest actions of the organization Codepink in 2003.  Scenes depict a peace march in January and a rally outside the White House in March for International Women’s Day.  Codepink women are shown giving “pink badges of courage” to members of Congress in honor of their stance against the war.  Codepink also goes to the embassies of France and Turkey to thank them for their decisions to not support the war.  The women are shown in Baghdad in February of 2003. ...
Topics: Women and peace, Peace movements, Antiwar movements, CodePink, Diane Wilson, Medea Benjamin,...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Visual Recordings
Nov 23, 2020 Granny Peace Brigade Philadelphia
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Amateur footage of the Granny Peace Brigade taking part in the Human Chain for Peace in Center City Philadelphia in October of 2007.  The person filming provides some occasional narration and context.  The women of the Granny Peace Brigade are shown standing on the street in the rain carrying banners and signs.  They sing, cars honk their horns, the women chant slogans.  The narrator explains that the Human Chain starts at 38th Street and will march to 6th Street.  At 6th Street, on...
Topics: Women and peace, Peace movement, Antiwar movement, Granny Peace Brigade Philadelphia, Amateur...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Visual Recordings
Nov 23, 2020 BraveNew Foundation
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Television commercial from the BraveNew Foundation featuring the reading of Julia Ward Howe’s “Mother’s Day Proclamation” from 1870.  Speakers include Felicity Huffman, Vanessa Williams, Christine Lahti, Gloria Steinam, Fatma Saleh, Alfre Woodard, and Ashraf Salimian.  The women are shown in a montage all reading the proclamation.  The spot ends with an appeal for donations for the organization No More Victims, a non-profit that brings Iraqi children injured in the war to the United...
Topics: Mother's Day, Mother's for Peace, Peace movement, Antiwar movement, Julia Ward Howe, Mother's Day...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Visual Recordings
Nov 23, 2020 Pauline Ross, Valley Cable TV (Encino, CA)
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The cable access show “Open Studio” episode “Today’s Grandmothers Look at Tomorrow,” presented by the Women’s International League for Peace (WILPF) Los Angeles branch.  The host is Lois Hamer, with panelists Mary Hurtz, Gertrude Kern, and Ruth Towbin.  Each panelist is a grandmother and they show pictures and speak about their grandchildren.  Hurtz talks about her grandson who is half Japanese.  Towbin has three grandchildren, and Kern has one.  They take turns expressing...
Topics: Disarmament, Antinuclear movement, Antiwar movement, Conscientious objection, Peace movement, Women...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Visual Recordings
Nov 18, 2020 Women for Peace
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A brief history of the founding and first year’s activities of Women for Peace.  In the Fall of 1961, 50,000 women participated in organized peace marches nationwide.  This was the beginning of Women for Peace.  Women formed 110 autonomous groups in 25 states.  Their main goal was disarmament.  They planned for at least one collective action per month.  The video reviews each month’s action for the year 1962.  These actions include demonstrating in front of local Western Union...
Topics: Women and peace, Women for Peace, Women Strike for Peace, Women International Strike for Peace,...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Visual Recordings
Nov 18, 2020 American Friends Service Committee
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The United States has 11 military facilities and 17,000 military personnel in the Philippines. Many Filipinos feel it is time for the U. S. to get out of the Philippines. There are organizations, such as Gabriela, the Buklod Center, and the Anti-Base Coalition that are especially concerned about the effect that these bases and the "R&R Industry" has on local women. The history of U. S. involvement in the Philippines goes back to the Spanish-American War. The Public Affairs officer...
Topics: United States foreign military bases, Philippines-United States relations, Philippine women,...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Visual Recordings
Nov 18, 2020 Victoria Maldonado
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Women attending the Hemispheric Women's Solidarity Conference travel to Cuba to work with local women's groups and discuss the United States' decades-long embargo of Cuba. Cubans call it a blockade. Women from many different agencies talk about how damaging the blockade has been to women and children. The Federation of Cuban Women, Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, the Cuba Campaign of Global Exchange, Cuban doctors, mothers, and workers - they all agree that the blockade has...
Topics: United States embargo against Cuba, United States-Cuba relations, Women and peace, Communism,...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Visual Recordings
Nov 9, 2020 International Fellowship of Reconciliation (IFOR)
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In 1998, 15 women from conflict areas all over Europe gather in Budapest to exchange ideas and experiences, find support, and deepen their understanding of nonviolent conflict resolution.  This was the International Fellowship of Reconciliation’s Women Peacemakers Program’s first international consultation.  The participants are shown interviewing each other, taking notes, creating charts, and planning future action.  One presentation is by two women from Northern Ireland, one Protestant...
Topics: Women and peace, International cooperation, Nonviolent conflict resolution, Women and war, Peace...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Visual Recordings
Nov 9, 2020 WomanSpace
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Interview program, “Focus on Women,” presented by Womanspace with host Florence Rapoport.  In this episode, Rapoport interviews Cora Weiss, Co-director of the Disarmament Program at the Riverside Church in New York City.  Rapoport begins by asking Weiss about her early life and college years.  Weiss was politically active in college, trying to recall Senator Joseph McCarthy.  She talks about starting her family after college and her involvement in the peace movement.  The causes she...
Topics: Cora Weiss, Women and peace, Disarmament, Peace movements, Antiwar movements, Feminism, Women's...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Visual Recordings
Nov 6, 2020 International Fellowship of Reconciliation Women Peacemakers Program
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Various women’s advocate groups in East Timor (Timor-Leste) participate in the Women Peacemakers Program from the International Fellowship of Reconciliation (IFOR).  Filomena Barros dos Reis, the Co-Director of the Peace and Democracy Foundation Timor-Leste, gives a short explanation of East Timor’s long road to independence and the current situation for women in the country.  East Timor has a high rate of widows due to the violence in 1999 during the fight for independence.  Rate Laek...
Topics: East Timor, Timor-Leste, Women and peace, Nonviolence, Reconciliation, Peace movements, Women’s...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Visual Recordings
Nov 5, 2020 Ronald Bayly, Nancy Landgren
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A historical and biographical look at the life of Jeannette Rankin (1880-1973), the first woman elected to the United States Congress.  Through interviews with those who knew her, Rankin’s lifelong work for peace is examined.  Still photos and film footage show Rankin as a young woman.  In 1917, she was elected as the representative for Montana.  While she had plans to use her position to shine a light on the life of women, World War I intervened.  The U. S. had been neutral for three...
Topics: United States Congress, Women and peace, Women in politics, Antiwar movements, Peace movements,...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Visual Recordings
Nov 2, 2020 Flying Focus Video Collective (FFVC)
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Filmed in April of 1995 at the Women's encampment at the Menwith Hill military base outside Harrogate, England, this program aired in February of 1996 as an episode of “The Flying Focus Video Bus” program. The Flying Focus Video Bus describes itself as "a weekly half-hour program featuring video used as a tool for social change, voicing the voiceless."  Video of a distant hilltop with large, white, golf ball-shaped forms is shown in the distance. This is Menwith Hill, the most...
Topics: Royal Air Force Menwith Hill, Helen John, United States military, United States espionage,...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Visual Recordings
Oct 27, 2020 Arthur Alpert
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Public television program taking a critical look at how news stories in newspapers and on television are chosen and produced. The sample news story is coverage of the Jeannette Rankin Brigade March on Washington that took place on January 15, 1968. The host of the program examines the story that appeared in the New Times. It was on page 3, ran about 600 words, and was not a feature. Editors and journalists at the New York Times are interviewed about why this event was covered in this way. This...
Topics: Journalism, Journalistic objectivity, News media, Press coverage, Television broadcasting of news,...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Visual Recordings
Oct 20, 2020 Youth International Party
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Satirical political film produced by the Youth International Party, or Yippies, showing their view of the events surrounding the 1968 Democratic Convention in Chicago. It begins with a woman dressed only in a vest and bikini bottom hitting a gong with Mayor Richard J. Daley's face on it. Clips of Daley are cut with old movie clips of orgies, wars, and general carousing, as well as contemporaneous anti-war protests, one with a glimpse of Allen Ginsburg in attendance. The song "I Ain't...
Topics: Political conventions, Chicago 8, Chicago 7, Richard J. Daley, Anti-war movement, Yippie, Youth...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Visual Recordings
Oct 16, 2020 Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (Cambridge, Mass)
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Commemoration of the 50th anniversary of Emily Greene Balch receiving the Nobel Peace Prize held at Wellesley College on November 22, 1995. Wellesley College faculty and students, members of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF), and others present readings by and about Emily Greene Balch. They speak of her education at Bryn Mawr College and her travels through Europe in 1904 and 1905 when she studied the lives of immigrants, and which led to her founding the National...
Topics: Emily Greene Balch, Women and peace, Pacifism, Social reform, International peace, Women's history,...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Sound Recordings
Oct 14, 2020 Women's International League for Peace and Freedom [WILPF]
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Cassette 1, Side A: A meeting convening multiple Delaware Valley branches of the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF). Various members are present from the Germantown, Mid-City and Center City branches, including Mary Jane McGlinchey from the DelCo branch. WILPF’s membership coordinator Carol Moore leads the meeting, which is videotaped and audio recorded. The session’s focus is The Contract with America, the Republican Party’s legislative agenda targeting welfare...
Topics: Social reform, Social safety net, Government spending, Public welfare, Social justice, Contract...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Visual Recordings
Oct 14, 2020 Peace Pilgrim
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Professor Wiley Clement from the Career Laboratory at Pensacola Junior College in Florida, USA, interviews Peace Pilgrim (born Mildred Lisette Norman) in 1977. The video was recorded at Pensacola Junior College, broadcast by WSRE, a Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) member television station owned by Pensacola State College. At the time of the interview, Pilgrim was just about to begin her seventh pilgrimage across the United States. She and the career advisor talk about her journeys, her...
Topics: Peace activists, Nonviolence, Social change, Pilgrimage, Human potential, Conflict resolution,...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Visual Recordings
Oct 13, 2020 Wiesner Associates
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The case "Greenham Women Against Cruise Missiles v. Ronald Reagan" was filed in the U. S. District Court for the Southern District of New York in 1983. This film looks at the leadup to and the resolution of the court case. The Greenham Women Against Cruise Missiles (GWACM) was a group from England that had been protesting the U. S. deployment of nuclear weapons to the RAF Greenham Common in Berkshire, England. The group had been protesting outside the base, including blockading the...
Topics: Antinuclear movement, Women and peace, Nuclear weapons, International law, Cold War, Greenham...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Visual Recordings
Oct 12, 2020 John Whiteley
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Dr. Helen Caldicott, President Emeritus of Physicians for Social Responsibility, and founder of Women's Action for Nuclear Disarmament (WAND), speaks about the catastrophic results of a possible nuclear war. She sets the stage: a nuclear weapon is dropped on "the town where you live," and outlines the immediate and long-term medical implications. What happens to people at the epicenter, those at 6 miles away, and those further out. She talks about the quantity of nuclear weapons...
Topics: Nuclear war, Antinuclear movements, Women and peace, Human extinction, Militarism, Military...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Visual Recordings
Oct 12, 2020 Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF)
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Short video explaining the founding and history of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF), celebrating the organization's 75th anniversary. The video, which is a montage of still images with voiceovers, was exhibited in Philadelphia on May 2, 1990. Founded during World War I, WILPF has spent 75 years lobbying, demonstrating, and doing the work of peace. They were U. N. mediators and consultants. They worked internationally against militarism and U. S. intervention in...
Topics: Women and peace, International peace, Peace movements, Social justice, Racial equality,...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Visual Recordings
Sep 30, 2020 The Women’s Video Collective
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Amateur film documenting the Women's Encampment for a Future of Peace and Justice at Romulus, N. Y. During the summer of 1983, thousands of women camped on a 51-acre farm next to the Seneca Army Depot. They were protesting the nuclear missiles housed at the depot. Women speak about why they are participating. One says that she realized, after having four sons, that she had "given birth to a lot of cannon fodder for the Vietnam War." Bella Abzug was interviewed at the camp and spoke of...
Topics: Women and peace, Nonviolence, Peace movements, Seneca Army Depot, Antinuclear movement, Romulus N....
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Visual Recordings
Sep 30, 2020 WHYY TV-12 Philadelphia
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Public affair presentation from WHYY in Philadelphia, recorded on June 13, 1985. The host is Phyllis Sanders. Guests are Barbara Daniel Cox, Executive Director of the Mayor's Commission for Women (Philadelphia); Dagmar McGill, Vice President of the Big Brothers and Big Sisters of America; and Mildred Scott Olmsted, Director Emeritus of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF). The women discuss the United Nation's Decade for Women that ran from 1975 through 1985. McGill...
Topics: United Nations Decade for Women, Women and peace, Women's international cooperation, United...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Visual Recordings
Sep 29, 2020 The Institute for Research on Women, Rutgers University
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Lecture by Cynthia Enloe (b. July 16, 1938), feminist writer and professor, to a group at Rutgers University in 1987.  She speaks on the topic of militarization and its forced conceptions of masculinity and femininity.  She specifically talks about the military's control of women for the sake of their use of men in the ranks.  She says that the militarization of daily life affects men's and women's concepts of masculinity and femininity.  The military's attempts throughout history to...
Topics: Militarization, Gender, Social history, Masculinity, Femininity, Women in the military, Reserve...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Visual Recordings
Aug 26, 2020 Bea Milwe
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Compilation video of the World Conference and Forum on Women in Copenhagen (July 1980), created by the filmmaker and activist Bea Milwe. Various clips are shown from the conference on topics that women were working on internationally.  Many of the women talk about the amount and types of work that women are doing to help improve the world, their own lives, and the lives of their children.  Betty Friedan speaks about feminism and the opportunities available to women because of the conference....
Topics: 1980 World Conference and Forum on Women, United Nations Decade of Women, Feminism, Discrimination...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Visual Recordings
Aug 25, 2020 Center for International Education
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Created by a group of 6-8 th graders with the help of Susie Oppenheim and Mike Hazard in Minneapolis, this video features four sisters who are peace activists: Jane, Rita, Kate, and Brigid McDonald. A student narrates over a picture of the sisters as young nuns. A clip of De’Sean Dwyer speaking on behalf of SAACP (Student Association for the Advancement of Children as People) is shown, as well as footage of the children with video equipment. A student acknowledges the help they received in...
Topics: Women and Peace, Peace activism, Antiwar movement, Children activists, Nonviolence, Peace movement,...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Visual Recordings
Aug 25, 2020 Keiko Tsuno
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This compilation video was made by Keiko Tsuno for Cora Weiss in celebration of her 70 th birthday. It begins with a slideshow of Weiss throughout her life with “If I Had A Hammer” by Pete Seeger playing in the background. The slideshow includes photos of Weiss with famous figures such as Fidel Castro, Nelson Mandela, and Ho Chi Minh. She is shown speaking in Hanoi about a release of war prisoners, then giving a speech on Vietnam joining the United Nations. At the “Evening for Peace”...
Topics: Peace movement, Peace activism, Antiwar movement, Women and peace, Vietnam War 1961-1975, United...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Visual Recordings
Aug 24, 2020 Kathleen Kelley
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In the winter of 1990, Kathleen Kelley went to Southeast Asia with the U. S. Vietnam Friendship and Aid Association of Southern California and visited Cambodia, Vietnam, and the Philippines. She meets with and interviews many women who are working with campaigns to improve the lives of women and children. This film is narrated by Kelley as she travels throughout the region highlighting the role women play in Southeast Asia, historically and currently. She explains that resources are at a...
Topics: Vietnam, Cambodia, Philippines, Women's rights, Children's rights, Women and peace, Unionization,...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Sound Recordings
Aug 11, 2020 National Women's Conference (U.S.) (1977 : Houston TX)
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Coretta Scott King, Jean Stapleton, and Lupe Anguiano reciting "The Declaration of American Women" at the International Women's Year National Women's Conference in Houston, Texas, November 18-21, 1977; the first federally funded women's conference in United States history, hosted by The United States Committee on the Observance of International Women's Year. The Declaration is part of the National Plan of Action, a document produced by the Conference. The Declaration states the demand...
Topics: National Women's Conference (U.S.) (1977 : Houston TX), National plan of action adopted at National...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Sound Recordings
Jun 3, 2020 Women Strike for Peace
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Audio script to a slide show, produced by Women Strike for Peace and narrated by unidentified members of the organization. The script and slideshow is based on Ethel Taylor's booklet, A Basic Primer on Star Wars for the Legitimately Confused . Women Strike for Peace issued the slide show with the booklet for activists to educate citizens about the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI). SDI was a missile defense system requiring technology that was not yet viable and became the Reagan...
Topics: Women and Peace United States, Peace movements United States, Nuclear disarmament, Antinuclear...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Sound Recordings
Jun 2, 2020 Women's International League for Peace and Freedom Committee on Education
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Two school students reciting messages of peace written by students participating in a letter exchange program between Washington State and the Soviet Union. An unidentified woman introduces the readers. Messages from the Soviet students are read by Shane Murray of Edmonds, Washington; messages from the students of Washington State are read by Geraldine Fletcher of Stanwood, Washington. Murray and Fletcher alternate during the readings. The letters, written by students from 2nd to 9th grade,...
Topics: Peace United States, Peace Soviet Union, Children United States Correspondence, Children Soviet...
Swarthmore College Peace Collection Sound Recordings
Jun 2, 2020 Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF)
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SIDE A: Dr. Helen Caldicott's address as a keynote speaker at the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF) conference, May 15, 1981, Delaware County, Pennsylvania. Unidentified member of WILPF gives a comprehensive introduction for Dr. Caldicott. Caldicott gives an ardent address denouncing nuclear arms. Caldicott's address covers the following: development of the atomic bomb propelling the arms race between the United States and Russia; the accelerated rate at which the...
Topics: Women and peace, Peace movements United States, Nuclear Disarmament, Nuclear Arms Control United...